STRAND, PAUL

STRAND, PAUL
STRAND, PAUL (1890–1976), U.S. photographer. The son of immigrants from Bohemia, Strand was born in New York City and given his first camera at the age of 12 by his well-to-do father. He was sent to the Ethical Culture School in 1904 for an education that gave equal weight to individual creativity and social engagement. There his teacher was Lewis Hine, who at the time was photographing immigrants arriving at Ellis Island. Hine introduced him to alfred stieglitz , and in 1916 Strand had his first one-man exhibition at Stieglitz's famed "291" gallery. The last two issues of Stieglitz's Camera Work in 1917 were devoted to Strand's photography, whose principal early subjects were Manhattan life and 20th-century machinery. Several of his images from that period, including "Wall Street" (1915), "The White Fence" (1916) and "Blind" (1916), are considered revolutionary in their starkness and use of light   and shadow. Strand's street photos of 1916, taken with a special camera designed to capture his subjects unawares, emulated Hines' engaged stance. He focused on the city's rich cultural mix (two Orthodox Jewish men deep in conversation; an elderly woman with a time-creased face in Washington Square Park), but he also portrayed the city's dispossessed, including a picture of a disheveled woman yawning and a man with dazed eyes in an Irish slum. After service in the Army Medical Corps, where he was introduced to X-ray and other medical camera procedures, Strand collaborated with Charles Sheeler on the film Manhattan, released as New York the Magnificent in 1921. Strand made his exquisitely composed landscape and nature photographs in the 1920s. With the onset of the Depression, Strand became active in politics. A socialist, he worked with the Group Theater, which had been formed in New York by harold clurman , Cheryl Crawford, and lee strasberg in 1931. The Group was an attempt to create a theater collective with a company of trained players dedicated to presenting works by contemporary writers. Members of the group tended to hold left-wing political views and wanted to produce plays that dealt with important social issues. In 1935 Strand visited the Soviet Union and met the radical film director sergei eisenstein . When Strand returned to the United States, he began to produce socially significant documentary films, including The Plow That Broke the Plains in 1936, his film on trade unions in the Deep South, People of the Cumberlands the following year, and Native Land in 1942. The latter evolved from a Congressional hearing on anti-labor activities. When it was released on the eve of World War II, its message was considered politically divisive. In 1936 Strand joined with Berenice Abbott to establish the Photo League in New York, whose initial purpose was to provide the radical press with photographs of trade-union activities and political protests. The Museum of Modern Art in New York held a full-scale retrospective of Strand's work in 1945. Later in that decade, the Photo League was investigated by the House Un-American Activites Committee. Several members were blacklisted and Strand decided to leave the United States and live in France. There he produced A Profile of France with Claude Roy in 1952, A Village with Cesare Zavattini in 1955, and Tir a'Mhurain, about the Hebrides, with Basil Davidson in 1968. (Stewart Kampel (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Strand, Paul — born Oct. 16, 1890, New York, N.Y., U.S. died March 31, 1976, Oregeval, France U.S. photographer. He studied photography with Lewis Hine. At Hine s urging, he frequented Alfred Stieglitz s 291 gallery; the avant garde paintings by Pablo Picasso,… …   Universalium

  • Strand, Paul — • СТРЕНД (Strand) Пол (16.10.1890 31.3.1976), амер. режиссёр, оператор. Один из основоположников амер. док. кино. В нач. 20 х гг. работал фотографом, в 1924 30 оператором док. и хроник. фильмов. В 1934 в Мексике пост. ф. Сети (с Ф. Циннеманом и Э …   Кино: Энциклопедический словарь

  • Strand, Paul — (16 oct. 1890, Nueva York, N.Y., EE.UU.–31 mar. 1976, Oregeval, Francia). Fotógrafo estadounidense. Estudió fotografía con Lewis Hine. A instancia de Hine, frecuentó la galería 291 de Alfred Stieglitz. Las pinturas vanguardistas de Pablo Picasso …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Paul Strand — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Fotografía New York, de Paul Strand. Paul Strand (Nueva York, 16 de octubre de 1890 31 de marzo de 1976), de familia inmigrante de Bohemia, (República Checa) …   Wikipedia Español

  • STRAND (P.) — STRAND PAUL (1890 1976) Les multiples activités de Paul Strand et les thèmes très divers de son œuvre pourraient faire de lui un «touche à tout» de l’image photographique. Né à New York en 1890, il s’adonne à la photographie dès son adolescence.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Paul Strand — Infobox Artist bgcolour = #6495ED name = Paul Strand imagesize = caption = Wall Street , 1915 birthname = birthdate = birth date |1890|10|16| location = New York City deathdate = death date and age |1976|3|31|1890|10|16| deathplace = nationality …   Wikipedia

  • Paul Strand — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Strand. Paul Strand (1890 1976) est un photographe américain. Sommaire 1 Biographie 2 Prix et récompenses …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Paul — /pawl/ for 1 3, 5; /powl/ for 4, n. 1. Saint, died A.D. c67, a missionary and apostle to the gentiles: author of several of the Epistles. Cf. Saul (def. 2). 2. Alice, 1885 1977, U.S. women s rights activist. 3. Elliot (Harold), 1891 1958, U.S …   Universalium

  • paúl — I (Del lat. vulgar padule < lat. palus, paludis , pantano.) ► sustantivo masculino Terreno pantanoso cubierto de hierba. SINÓNIMO paular II (De san Vicente de Paúl.) ► adjetivo/ sustantivo masculino RELIGIÓN Se aplica al clérigo que es miembro …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Paul Strand — (* 16. Oktober 1890 in New York; † 31. März 1976 in Orgeval) war einer der einflussreichsten amerikanischen Fotografen des 20. Jahrhunderts. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben und Werk 2 Rezeption 3 Au …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”